短暂性动词与延续性动词的转换word免费下载

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短暂性动词与延续性动词的转换borrowkeephavekeptgettoknowknowhaveknowncatchacoldhaveacoldhavehadacoldbuyhavehavehaddiebedeadhavebeendeadopenbeopenhavebeenopenclosebeclosedhavebeenclosedgetmarriedbemarriedhavebeenmarriedfallillbeillhavebeenillfallasleepbeasleephavebeenasleepleavespBeawayfromspHavebeenawayfromspreturnbebackhavebeenbackgotobedbeinbedhavebeeninbedcometotheislandbeontheislandhavebeenontheislandgotospcometospBeinspHavebeeninspcomeherebeherehavebeenheregotherebetherehavebeentheregooutbeouthavebeenoutgetupbeuphavebeenupstartbeginbeonhavebeenonfinishendbeoverhavebeenoverbecomebehavebeenjoinbeamemberofhavebeenamemberofBeinhavebeeninrrive→beherebegin(start)→beondie→bedeadcomeback→bebackleave→beaway(from)fallill(sick,asleep)→beill(sick,asleep)getup→beupgoout→beoutfinish→beoverputon→wear或beonopen→beopenjoin→bein或beamemberof…close→beclosedgotoschool→beastudentborrow→keepbuyget→havecatch(acold)→have(acold)gettoknow→knowbegintostudy→studycometowork→workmoveto→liveinfinishend→beovercometo→beinsitdown→beseatedmarry→bemarrieddress→bedressed等短暂性动词和延续性动词可以从字面上理解持续的动作就是延续动词反之就是瞬间动词(短暂动词)这个有这种感觉还是很好理解的你看看下面的浅谈吧延续性动词:live,run,stay,clean,play,hold,watch,teach,read,study,teach,eat,drink,write,dance,sing,smoke瞬间性动词:open,stop,like,love,die,win,close,shot,begin,startenter,finish、终止性动词:表示不能延续的动作即动作发生后立即结束。 如:begin,arrive,borrow,buy,break,close,come,fall,dic,finish,go,leave,lend,mary,reach,receive,open,sell,start,stop等。 终止性动词的肯定式是不能持续的所以不能和表示一段时间的状语连用而终止性的否定式就可以和表一段时间的状语连用因为否定本身就是可以延续的。 如:haveacold是持续性动词表示“状态”可与表延续性的时间状语连用不定冠词不能省略。

I′vehadacoldsincemyarrival(到达n)Ididn′tgotoschoolbecauseIhadhadabadcoldfordayscatchacold是短暂性动作表“动态”:它不能和延续性时间状语连用不定冠词“a”可有可无catch可用take,get代替。

Putonyourcoat,oryou′llcatchtakegetacoldTakecarenottogetcold但是若cold前有形容词修饰时则不定冠词不能省。

如:Brownhastakenaslightcold注意下列句子:Ihavecaughtacoldforoveraweek(×)Ihavehadacoldforoveraweek()、延续性动词:表示可以延续一段时间的动作或状态。 如:be,drink,fly,eat,keep,lie,live,rain等。 延续性动词常不能和表示一个短暂具体的时间状语连用这类动词如用于进行时态则可以和表示一个短暂具体的时刻连用。

Heworkedateightyesterdayafternoon(×)Hewasworkingateightyesterdayafternoon()、代替终止性动词的方法a)用延续性动词代替终止性动词、用have代替buyMybrotherhashad(不能用hasbought)thisbikeforalmostfouryears、用keep或have代替borrowIhavekept(不能用haveborrowed)thebookforquiteafewdays、用be替代becomeHowlonghasyoursisterbeenateacher、用haveacold代替catchacoldTomhashadacoldsincethedaybeforeyesterday、用wear代替putonb)用“be+形容词”代终止性动词、be+married代marry、be+ill代fall(get)ill、be+dead代die、be+asleep代fall(get)asleep、be+awake代wakewakeup、be+gone代lose,die,sell,leave、be+open代open、beclosed代closeshut、be+missing(gone,lost)代losec)用“be+副词”代终止性动词“be+on”代start,begin“be+up”代getup“be+back(to)”代returnto,comebackto,gobackto“behere(there)”代come(arrive,reach,get)here或go(arrive,reach,get)there等等d)用“be+介词短语”代终止性动词“beinat地点”代替gotocometo用beinthearmy代替jointhearmy“beinat地点”代替moveto巩固练习:(同义转换每空一词)1LiLeijoinedthePartythreeyearsagoLiLeithePartythreeyearsagoLiLeithePartythreeyearsthreeyearsLiLeijoinedthePartyThreeyearsLiLeijoinedthePartyMyfatherleftGuchenglastweekMyfatherGuchenglastweekMyfatherGuchengaweekThefactoryopenedinThefactorytenyearsThefactorysinceHisgrandfatherdiedfiveyearsagoHisgrandfathersinceHisgrandfatherfiveyearsfiveyearshisgrandfatherdiedFiveyearshisgrandfatherdiedMrWangreachedBeijingfivedaysagoMrWangBeijingfivedaysagoMrWangBeijingfivedaysThefilmbegantenminutesagoThefilmforThefilmsinceMyfatherboughtanewcartwoyearsagoMyfatheranewcartwoyearsMyfatheranewcartwoyearsagoTomborrowedthisbookfourdaysagoTomthisbookfourdaysTomthisbookfourdaysagoJimjoinedtheLeaguelastyeasJimaLeaguememberayearJimtheLeaguelastyearTheycametoChinatenyearsagoTheyChinatenyearsTheyChinatenyearsagoMysonfellasleephalfanhouragoMysonforMysonsincehasbeeninsincehasbeeninforIt’ssincehaspassedsincehasbeenawayfromsincehasbeenawayfromforhasbeenopenforhasbeenopenhasbeendeadfiveyearsagohasbeendeadforIt’ssincehaspassedsincehasbeeninsincehasbeeninforhasbeenontenminuteshasbeenontenminutesagohashadforHashadsincehaskeptforHaskeptsincehasbeenforHasbeeninsincehavebeeninforhavebeeninsincehasbeenasleephalfanhourhasbeenasleephalfanhourago。


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